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КГУ «СОШ № 11», г.Семей, ВКО
Иванченко Лилия Абдулбаровна, учитель английского языка
11 класс Урок 52.
Scientific-technical progress
Тема урока: Marie Curie – the first woman awarded the Nobel Prize.
Задачи урока: 1) ознакомить учащихся с фактами биографии и сведениями о научной деятельности
выдающегося ученого-физика Марии Склодовской-Кюри;
2) воспитывать у учащихся интерес к научным открытиям и изобретениям,
потребность в поисково-исследовательской деятельности;
3) расширять фоновые знания учащихся по физике.
План урока:
I.Warm up: соотнесение начала и конца фраз и предложений
I. a. switch on/off I. the button
b. plug in your mobile phone
c. press the tape
d. rewind/fast forward the vacuum cleaner
II. a. restart II. the volume
b. turn up/down your messages
c. replay your computer
III. a. shut down III. the tape
b. hold down your computer
c. pause the button
IV. a. My computer IV. needs recharging
b. My mobile phone ‘s crashed
c. The batteries need replacing
II.Актуализация знаний учащихся.
III.Объяснение нового материала:
a.Чтение и обсуждение цитаты М.Кюри
"I believe that Science has great beauty. A scientist in his laboratory is not a mere technician; he is
also a child confronting natural phenomena that impress him as though they were fairy tales".
b.Групповая работа с текстом “Marie Sklodowska-Curie”:
Group A “Early Life”
Group B “Discoveries”
Group C “Science Celebrity”
> поисковое чтение текстов:
1.поиск в содержании текстов примеров интернациональной лексики;
2.поиск в содержании текстов английских словосочетаний и подбор их эквивалентов
в русском языке;
3.в группах заполнение таблиц фактами научной деятельности М.Кюри;
4.выступления групп.
IV.Закрепление изученного материала.
V.Подведение итогов урока.

Приложение I
Приложение II

11 класс Урок 55.
Scientific-technical progress
Тема урока: Technophobia.
Задачи урока: 1) ознакомить учащихся с причинами возникновения технофобии;
2) воспитывать у учащихся разумное отношение к средствам коммуникации;
3) развивать память, внимание, логическое мышление.
План урока:
I.Warm up: “A Science Quiz”.
II.Актуализация знаний учащихся.
III.Объяснение нового материала:
a.Учебный разговор T>Cl:
Do you feel positively about
• call centres
• the Internet
• computer help desks
• laptops / palm tops
• mobile phones
• e-mail
• texting
• digital TV? Why? Why not?
Who is a technophobe?
b.Соотнесение гаджетов и связанных с ними видов активности с предложенными
call centres a better quality picture
the Internet hardware
computer help desks being out of date
laptops / palm tops a spare part
mobile phones using your thumbs
e-mail the customer care department
texting instruction manuals
saving time
digital T с.Общеклассная работа с текстом “Machines behaving badly”:
> просмотровое чтение текста:
1.соотнесение содержания абзацев статьи с предложенными заголовками:
1.It does things you don’t need.
2.It doesn’t save your time.
3.It was out of date before you bought it.
4.It’s anti-social.
5.It’s destroying the English language.
6.More choice does not mean better.
7.No one takes responsibility when things go wrong.
> поисковое чтение текста:
1.поиск в содержании текста ответов на следующие вопросы (работа в парах):
• Why doesn’t a PC save your time?
• Why do people have to replace their computers so often?
• Why is it easy for help desks and call centres not “to take responsibility”?
• What is the problem with digital TV?
• What three effects is text messaging having on young people?
2.обсуждение вопросов:
Do you think the author is male or female, young or middle-aged? What makes you think so?
Do you agree with him/her or do you think he/she is living in the past?
IV.Закрепление изученного материала.
V.Подведение итогов урока.
Приложение III
Приложение IV

Maria Sklodowska-Curie
Born Maria Sklodowska on November 7, 1867, in Warsaw, Poland, Marie Curie became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the only woman to win the award in two different fields (physics and chemistry). Curie's efforts, with her husband Pierre Curie, led to the discovery of polonium and radium and, after Pierre's death, the development of X-rays. She died on July 4, 1934.
Early Life
Maria Sklodowska, better known as Marie Curie, was born in Warsaw in modern-day Poland on November 7, 1867. Her parents were both teachers, and she was the youngest of five children. As a child Curie took after her father, Ladislas, a math and physics instructor. She had a bright and curious mind and excelled at school. But tragedy struck early, and when she was only 11, Curie lost her mother, Bronsitwa, to tuberculosis.
A top student in her secondary school, Curie could not attend the men-only University of Warsaw. She instead continued her education in Warsaw's "floating university," a set of underground, informal classes held in secret. Both Curie and her sister Bronya dreamed of going abroad to earn an official degree, but they lacked the financial resources to pay for more schooling. Undeterred, Curie worked out a deal with her sister. She would work to support Bronya while she was in school and Bronya would return the favor after she completed her studies.
For roughly five years, Curie worked as a tutor and a governess. She used her spare time to study, reading about physics, chemistry and math. In 1891, Curie finally made her way to Paris where she enrolled at the Sorbonne in Paris. She threw herself into her studies, but this dedication had a personal cost. With little money, Curie survived on buttered bread and tea, and her health sometimes suffered because of her poor diet.
Curie completed her master's degree in physics in 1893 and earned another degree in mathematics the following year. Around this time, she received a commission to do a study on different types of steel and their magnetic properties. Curie needed a lab to work in, and a colleague introduced her to French physicist Pierre Curie. A romance developed between the brilliant pair, and they became a scientific dynamic duo.
Marie and Pierre Curie were dedicated scientists and completely devoted to one another. At first, they worked on separate projects. She was fascinated with the work of Henri Becquerel, a French physicist who discovered that uranium casts off rays, weaker rays than the X-rays found by Wilhelm Roentgen.
Curie took Becquerel's work a few steps further, conducting her own experiments on uranium rays. She discovered that the rays remained constant, no matter the condition or form of the uranium. The rays, she theorized, came from the element's atomic structure. This revolutionary idea created the field of atomic physics and Curie herself coined the word radioactivity to describe the phenomena. Marie and Pierre had a daughter, Irene, in 1897, but their work didn't slow down.
Pierre put aside his own work to help Marie with her exploration of radioactivity. Working with the mineral pitchblende, the pair discovered a new radioactive element in 1898. They named the element polonium, after Marie's native country of Poland. They also detected the presence of another radioactive material in the pitchblende, and called that radium. In 1902, the Curies announced that they had produced a decigram of pure radium, demonstrating its existence as a unique chemical element.
Science Celebrity
Marie Curie made history in 1903 when she became the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize in physics. She won the prestigious honor along with her husband and Henri Becquerel, for their work on radioactivity. With their Nobel Prize win, the Curies developed an international reputation for their scientific efforts, and they used their prize money to continue their research. They welcomed a second child, daughter Eve, the following year.
In 1906, Marie suffered a tremendous loss. Her husband Pierre was killed in Paris after he accidentally stepped in front of a horse-drawn wagon. Despite her tremendous grief, she took over his teaching post at the Sorbonne, becoming the institution's first female professor.
Curie received another great honor in 1911, winning her second Nobel Prize, this time in chemistry. She was selected for her discovery of radium and polonium, and became the first scientist to win two Nobel Prizes. While she received the prize alone, she shared the honor jointly with her late husband in her acceptance lecture.
Around this time, Curie joined with other famous scientists, including Albert Einstein and Max Planck, to attend the first Solvay Congress in Physics. They gathered to discuss the many groundbreaking discoveries in their field.
When World War I broke out in 1914, Curie devoted her time and resources to helping the cause. She championed the use of portable X-ray machines in the field, and these medical vehicles earned the nickname "Little Curies." After the war, Curie used her celebrity to advance her research. She traveled to the United States twice— in 1921 and in 1929— to raise funds to buy radium and to establish a radium research institute in Warsaw.
Final Days and Legacy
All of her years of working with radioactive materials took a toll on Curie's health. She was known to carry test tubes of radium around in the pocket of her lab coat. In 1934, Curie went to the Sancellemoz Sanatorium in Passy, France, to try to rest and regain her strength. She died there on July 4, 1934, of aplastic anemia, which can be caused by prolonged exposure to radiation.
Marie Curie made many breakthroughs in her lifetime. She is the most famous female scientist of all time, and has received numerous posthumous honors.

Приложение II
Задания к тексту “Marie Sklodowska-Curie”
Group A “Early Life”
Найдите в тексте следующие словосочетания и подберите эквиваленты к ним на русском языке:
Nobel Prize, radium and X-rays, modern-day, to take after one’s father, curious mind, a top student, men-only, floating university, a set of underground, informal classes, to hold in secret, to earn a degree, financial resources, to pay for schooling, to work out a deal with, to return the favour, to complete one’s studies, for roughly years, to spare time, to make one’s way to, to throw oneself into one’s studies, a personal cost, poor diet, a master's degree, magnetic properties, a scientific dynamic duo.
Задания к тексту “Marie Sklodowska-Curie”
Group B “Discoveries”
Найдите в тексте следующие словосочетания и подберите эквиваленты к ним на русском языке:
dedicated scientists, completely devoted to one another, separate projects, to cast off rays, a few steps further, to remain constant, no matter, the element's atomic structure, to coin the word, to put aside, mineral pitchblende, native country, pure radium, a unique chemical element.
Задания к тексту “Marie Sklodowska-Curie”
Group C “Science Celebrity”
Найдите в тексте следующие словосочетания и подберите эквиваленты к ним на русском языке:
to make history, prestigious honour, along with, international reputation, scientific efforts, to suffer a tremendous loss, a horse-drawn wagon, despite her tremendous grief, teaching post, the institution's first female professor, groundbreaking discoveries, World War I, to break out, portable X-ray machines, medical vehicles, to earn the nickname, to raise funds.
Задания к тексту “Marie Sklodowska-Curie”
Общеклассное задание
Найдите в тексте следующие словосочетания и подберите эквиваленты к ним на русском языке:
to take a toll on, test tubes, to regain one’s strength, aplastic anemia, by prolonged exposure to radiation, numerous posthumous honours.

Приложение III

A Science Quiz
Student A
Ask your partner these questions. The correct answer is underlined.

1.Who discovered the tree laws of motion in the 17th century?
a. Copernicus b. Newton c. Galileo
2.Who developed the periodic table of elements in chemistry?
a. Mendel b. Mendeleyev c. Mendelssohn
3.Who discovered the practical uses of radio waves?
a. Sony b. Marconi c. Hertz
4.Who discovered that electricity existed as a current?
a. Ampere b. Volta c. Faraday
5.Who proposed the existence of the atom?
a. Rutherford b. Einstein c. Democritus
A Science Quiz
Student B
Ask your partner these questions. The correct answer is underlined.

1.Who discovered the fundamental principles of genetics?
a. Darwin b. Lamarck c. Mendel
2.Who discovered that light is made up of a mixture of coloured light?
a. Maxwell b. Einstein c. Newton
3.Who discovered the existence of radioactivity?
a. Becquerel b. Pierre Curie c. Marie Curie
4.Who established the principles for naming and classifying plants?
a. Lamarck b. Darwin c. Linnaeus
5.Who discovered that the Earth orbits the Sun?
a. Copernicus b. Newton c. Galileo

Приложение IV
Everyone, it seems, has a mobile these days, even children in kindergarten. Billions of text messages fly round the world every day, and computers and call centres run every aspect of our lives. But is all this really making life better? Here are seven good reasons to hate modern technology.


Many people make the mistake of thinking that technology is there to save your time. Wrong. It is there to give people new ways of filling their time. Take personal computers. Learning how to use all the features of a new PC uses up all the time that having a computer saves. And what about all the hours you spend staring at incomprehensible instruction manuals for your new phone / TV / digital doorbell?


Of course, it’s wonderful to have a CD player, a mobile, a home computer or an electric toaster, for that matter. But do you really want to play computer games on the 4 cm screen of your mobile phone? Do you need your computer to answer the phone or your TV to make toast?


Digital TV is a perfect example. When it arrived, we were promised a better quality picture and more choice. But at 11 o’clock at night as you flick through the 97 channels you can now get, it is not the quality of the picture that you worry about. More the fact that not one single programme is worth watching.


After several frustrating weeks of finding all the right software for your new PC, then phoning “help” desks when it doesn’t work, you will proudly show off your new machine to friends only to hear “Oh, are you still using that one? I’m thinking of buying the new PYX 5000 myself”. A few months later, when you try to buy some minor spare part, you find it is no longer manufactured, and that it would be much cheaper to replace the whole computer with the new PYX 7500.


This is easy, because very few people really understand how the machines they have bought work. So you phone the software company and they will tell you it’s a hardware problem. You then phone the hardware company and they tell you it’s a software problem. Call centers are the worst. Phone the so-called “customer-care” number, and after waiting on hold for 15 minutes you will be told you need the sales department. The sales department assures you that it’s the technical department you need, but surprise, surprise, the technical department put you back through to customer care. People can spend weeks of their lives like this.

Apparently, teenagers now do so much texting and e-mailing that their thumbs are getting bigger. Unfortunately, they are also forgetting how to spell. One American schoolgirl recently wrote her entire essay on “My summer holidays” in text speak. It began “B4 we used 2go2 NY 2C my bro, his GF & thr 3 kids. ILNY it’s a GRB plc.”
Or for you and me: “Before we used to go to New York to see my brother, his girlfriend and their three kids. I love New York, it’s a great place.”


A recent survey showed that more than 8 out of 10 young people would rather text their friends or family than actually speak to them in person. And according to the same survey, 25% of people would answer their mobile phone even being at the funeral. I ask you, is this really a better world?
Категория: Английский язык | Добавил: liyaivanchenko1972 (2016-03-06)
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