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Методическая разработка урока: “The System of Government in Great Britain” |
Тема урока: “The System of Government in Great Britain”
Цель : развивать навыки монологической речи по теме: «Структура власти в Великобритании», совершенствовать лексические навыки и расширить лексический запас учащихся.
Образовательные: развивать навыки монологической, устной и письменной речи; развивать навыки умения общаться на английском языке.
Развивающие: развивать интеллектуальные способности учащихся; формировать умение выделять главное, сравнивать и анализировать.
Воспитательные: развивать у учащихся самостоятельность мышления, воспитывать интерес к истории изучаемого языка, формировать потребности в практическом использовании языка.
Оборудование: интерактивная доска, мультимедийное оборудование (проектор), учебная презентация, карточки
I. Организационный момент
1. Приветствие. Сообщение целей и задач урока.
Учитель: Good morning, boys and girls. How are you? I’m glad to see you. Today we’re going to talk about “The political system of Great Britain”. You should read and translate text I “Monarchy in Britain” and do some lexical exercises and make a short summary of the text II “Government”.
2. Study the list of topical vocabulary to avoid the difficulties in understanding the text in
Authority – власть, полномочие; авторитет
Court – суд
Elective – выборный
Executive – исполнительный
Govern – управлять
Government – правительство
Legislative – законодательный
Majority – большинство
Monarch – монарх
Monarchy – монархия
Obtain – получить
Occupy – занимать
Opposition – оппозиция
Parliament – парламент
Parliamentary – парламентский
Power – власть, полномочия
Reign – царствовать
Resident – постоянный житель
Resign – уходить в отставку
Responsible – ответственный
3. Read and translate the text, say what its main points are. Study the vocabulary notes after the text А.
MONARCHY IN BRITAIN
Great Britain is a monarchy, but the Queen of Britain is not absolute but constitutional. Her powers are limited by the Parliament. The Parliament is the supreme legislative authority in Britain. Queen's power is hereditory and not elective.
In practice the Monarch has no actual power: they say1 the Monarch reigns but does not rule. The Prime Minister is the virtual ruler of the country. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the party that obtains a majority in the House of Commons. That party which has majority of seats in the House of Commons is called the Government and the other is the Opposition. The leader of the party in the opposition occupies a salaried office of the Leader of the Opposition. The Government may hold office for five years. Alll the affairs of the state are conducted in the name of the Queen but really the Prime Minister is responsible for every mearure submitted to Parliament.
The Queen summons, prorogues and dissolves Parliament2. Normally she opens each session with a speech from the throne outlining the Government's programme. It is her duty to make appointments to all important state offices, including those of judges, officers in the armed forces, diplomats. She must, in theory at least, see all Cabinet documents. The Queen has the power to conclude treaties, to declare war and make peace.
The Queen has her own Privy Council3. The Cabinet developed from this Council, which used to be body of advisers of English monarchs. As the system of Cabinet developed the Privy Council declined in importance. The Privy Council consists of members of the royal family, the archbishops4, colonial governors and senior ministers. There are about 300 of them altogether. The committee of the Privy Council, the Judicial Committee, however, is the final court of appeal for the British — a Royal court.
Queen Elizabeth II came to the throne in 1952 after the death of her father, King George VI. She has four children: one daughter and 3 sons. The Queen's heir is Charles, Prince of Wales. He was born in 1948, educated in Cambridge, served in the Royal Navy5. Now he is involved in various aspects of public life, in particular industry and government.
The Royal family is the principal aristocratic house in Britain, closely connected with other members of the hereditory aristocracy and with big finance interests. The Queen is known to be among the wealthiest women in the world.
1 they say - говорят
созывает, прерывает и распускает парламент
2 summons, prorogues and dissolves Parliament -
3 Privy Council - Тайный совет
4 archbishops - архиепископы
5 Royal Navy - Королевский флот, ВМС Великобритании
II. Активизация использования лексики
4. Find all the international words combinations taken from the text Monarchy in Britain. Choose their Russian equivalents.
5. Match English and Russian equivalents.
1. hereditary power а. лидер партии
2. actual power b. действительный правитель
3. virtual ruler с. вооруженные силы
4. armed forces d. партия, находящаяся в оппозиции
5. party in the opposition е. наследственная власть
6. leader of the party f. действительная власть
7. in the name of the Queen g. делать назначения
8. responsible for all measures h. от имени королевы
9. to make appointments i. ответственный за все меры
6. Choose the right word or word-combination.
1. The Queen's power is ...
a) elective b) hereditary c) unlimited
2. Prime Minister is the ... ruler of the country,
a) formal b) hereditary c) virtual
3. The Party which has majority in the House of Commons forms ...
a) opposition b) parliament c) government
4. It's the ... duty to make appointments to all important state offices.
a) Queen's b) Prime Minister's c) Lord Chancellor's
5. The Cabinet developed from ...
a) Privy Council b) Judicial Committee c) House of Lords
7. Mark the statements that are true.
1. Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy.
2. The Queen's powers in Britain are unlimited.
3. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party which has majority in the House of Lords.
4. The Queen opens each session of Parliament with a throne speech.
5. The Privy Council is responsible for all government measures.
6. The Judicial Committee is the final court of appeal in Britain.
8. Answer the questions on the text:
1. What kind of monarchy is Great Britain?
2. Is the Queen's power hereditary or elective?
3. Who is the virtual ruler of the country?
4. What are the functions of the Queen of Britain?
5. The Privy Council consists of 300 members, doesn't it?
6. What is the final court of appeal in Britain?
9. Make a short summary of the text.
TEXT В. GOVERNMENT
Task: read the text, find the answers to the questions given below.
Effective power belongs to the Government, which is part of Parliament and responsible to it, but which also normally dominates it. The Government consists of about a hundred politicians under the Prime Minister. Members of the Government are not elected by the House of Commons. They are nominated by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister may also require ministers to resign. A modern government is arranged in about fifteen departments, each with its ministerial head. The number changes from time to time, as departments are split or joined together1. All the heads of departments are members of the House of Commons.
The executive power belongs to the Cabinet of Ministers. The Cabinet consists of 16 to 24 senior ministers whom the Prime Minister has appointed. Most ministers in the Cabinet are heads of departments. The Cabinet meets once a week in No 10 Downing Street, the official residence of the British Prime Minister. Cabinet-making2 is the most important part of a Prime Minister's job. The Prime Minister decides which ministers will be included. In order that it can work as a team and arrive at decisions more easily and quickly the Cabinet is restricted to about twenty members.
The Cabinet formulates a comprehensive policy covering all major issues both at home and abroad. The Cabinet has to decide on important day-to-day issues as they arise, e.g. a major strike, a run on the sterling, political upheavals abroad. It must also consider future policy. The policy decided upon by the Cabinet is implemented by the various departments of state. The Cabinet is also the Court of Appeal: This is presided over by the Lord Chief Justice of Appeal, and a quorum is three judges.
1 split or joined together - дробятся или соединяются
2 Cabinet-making - создание кабинета
1. Which body has more powers: Parliament or the Govern¬ment?
2. How is the choice of the members of the Government exercised?
3. Is the number of Ministers in the Government constant?
4. What kind of state body is the Cabinet: executive, legislative, judicial?
III. Подведение итогов урока. Выставление оценок.
Учитель подводит итоги урока и оценивает работу учащихся.
Учитель: You worked hard and your marks are … What mark can you give for this lesson? (Write the number from 1 to 10 on the paper and put it at the blackboard.)
At home, please write a shot essay about System of Government in Great Britain.
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